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UWSA

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United Wa State Party

၀ျပည္ ေသြးစည္းညီညြတ္ေရး တပ္မေတာ္ 

Political wing: United Wa State Party (UWSP)
Government Name: Shan State (North) Special Region-2
Armed wing: United Wa State Army (UWSA)

uwsa


SUMMARY

Founded: 1989

Headquarters: Pangkham (also known as Phangsang)

Operational Area: Pangsang, Mongmau, Pangwai, Nahphan, Mongpawt, Hopan

Estimated strength: 20,000/25000

Leader: Bao You Xiang 鲍有祥

The UWSP administers 6 designated townships of the Wa Self-Administered Division as stipulated in the 2008 Constitution. Its official name was announced by decree on Aug. 20, 2010. The UWSP rejected the government’s Border Guard Force scheme in 2009. The UWSP maintains close ties with China (both politically and economically) and uses Chinese as the party’s working language.

The UWSP military wing the Wa army is estimated to number 30,000 troops and 10,000 auxiliary members. They are the largest ethnic army in Myanmar and reported to be a major player in the opium, heroin and amphetamine drug trade. It was originally formed from members of the Communist Party of Burma (CPB) following its collapse in 1989.

CEC Members
Vice-Chairman Xiao Mingliang (Shauk Min Lyan)


Peace Process

New Ceasefire: Sept. 6, 2011

1st resistance group to sign ceasefire with the new government

Stage 2: Union level peace talks

Previous ceasefire: May 9,1989

Sporadic clashes with the Myanmar army have ocurred since 2009 ( no official announcement of fighting by either side).


Official delegation team

###


Liaison offices

  1. Lashio
  2. Tang Yang
  3. Keng Tung
  4. Tarchilek

Meetings

 #  Date  Location  Armed Group Rep  Govt Rep  Details
1 06/09/2011 Kengtung Bao Youliang Aung Thaung New State level ceasefire agreement
Other govt delegates: Thein Zaw
2 01/10/2011 Lashio Xiao Ming Liang Aung Thaung Union level meeting
The UWSP agreed not to secede from the Union. Discussions included: the reopening of education, health and liaison offices, reassignment of staff, drug eradication in cooperation with the government, implementing measures for border region development, arrangements made for economic-driven industries.
Related agreements were signed.
3 26/12/2011 Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Aung Thaung Union Level 6 Point agreement
Govt rep Aung Thaung urged the UWSP to take part in the upcoming by-elections expected to take place early next year.
4 09/05/2012 Pangsang unknown unknown Regime officials visit Panghsang, Shan state for meeting with UWSA officials.
5 17/08/2012 Wiangkao and Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Deputy Border Affairs minister Maj Gen Zaw Win Official visits by Maj Gen Zaw Win to the Wa area:
16 August – Wiangkao, inspects Songpu hydropower plant
17 August – Panghsang, meets Xiao Minliang, Bao Youri, Zhao Zhongdang, Bao Youliang, Ai Lone, Zhao Guo-ang, U Aung Myint, Bo Laikham and others. Delivers K 30 million allowance and K 66 million for rice.
Other UWSA delegates: Bao Youri, Zhao Zhongdang, Bao Youliang, Ai Lone, Zhao Guo-ang, U Aung Myint, Bo Laikham and others
6 06/10/2012 Kengtung Xiao Ming Liang Myanmar army chief vice-snr Gen. Min Aung Hlaing Both sides agreed to cooperate in eradicating drugs.
7 16/11/2012 Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Myanmar armed forces Northeastern Region commander Brig-Gen Aung Soe Brig-Gen Aung Soe met with Vice-Chairman Xiao Mingliang for discussions. The brigadier-general also visited a facility of the UWSA’s Hongbang Company.
8 04/12/2012 Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Aung Min Union level meeting
The discussions centered on economic and development programmes.
UWSA officials were invited to Nay Pyi Taw to study Hluttaw sessions. The govt delegation presented cash assistance of over K 290 million for regional development, as well as layers and broilers. They also visited Mongmaw region and Mongmawkonmyintaung tea plantation
Other govt delegates included: Thein Zaw, U Soe Thein, President’s Office Minister; Lt-Gen Thein Htay, Border Affairs Minister; Sao Aung Myat, Shan state Chief Minister; Col Aung Thu, Shan State Security and Border Affairs Minister; Maj-Gen Than Tun Oo, Commander, Triangle Region Command, Maj Gen Aung Soe the commander of Northeastern Region Command.
9 20/03/2013 Lashio, Shan State Xiao Hsarm Khun Aung Min At the Shan-Kayah Trust-building for Peace Conference the Wa representative Xiao Hsarm Khun was informed by U Aung Min, UPWC Vice Chairman # 2, that the Wa call for a separate statehood could be decided only by the Union legislature.
10 12/07/2013 Kengtung UWSA UPWC 1) Follow the agreements that emerge from the discussion.
2) Maintain the alreadya chieved mutual understandings, trust and fine tradition of peace and continue making cooperation for reaching eternal peace through constructive discussions.
3) Make transparent coordination as quickly as possible based on the constructive ways at a time when there emerge the military issues between Tatmadaw and UWSA.
4) Not to allow seceding “Wa” Special Region (2) from the State at any rate as “Wa” Special Region (2) is a integral part of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and to utilize the capabilities of “Wa” Special Region (2) for perpetuation of sovereignty and territory of the State.
5) Make mutual cooperation between the Union government and “Wa” Special Region ( 2 ) in development of the region and eradication of narcotic drugs.
11 03/09/2013 Kengtung UWSA UPWC/ Shwe Mann (Informal)
12 04/10/2013 Pang Sang Xao Ming Liang (vice-chairman) U Thein Zaw (MP) and Lt. Gen Thein Htay (deputy minister of border affairs) (Informal meeting) U Thein Zaw proposed 9 points in the meeting. In the proposed points, census issue, ID card issue, local development, permit government servants to work in Wa territory are included in discussion. U Thein Zaw also discussed with Xai Minliang about to attend the nationwide ceasefire signing ceremony.

Developments

Agreed points:

Military

  • continue holding talks to cooperate on defence forces of the State for security and defence of the State as one as it agrees not to disintegrate the State and secede from the State at all

Socio-economic

  • agreed to adopt short-term and long-term socio-economic development plans
  • Union government agreed to help increase opportunities for national races youths in “Wa” Special Region
  • to pursue education with the mindset to develop their insights, to equip them with vocational education and to realize human resources development.
  • Union government agreed to cooperate in developing healthcare initiatives in Wa” Special Region (2), these initiatives include: treatment, prevention and education

Political

  • continue negotiating matters related to enabling representatives in townships of “Wa” Special Region (2) take seats in each Hluttaw of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - encouraging proper representation of Wa in their respective areas

Ongoing issues:


Partnerships

Maintains close ties with NDAA


Business concessions:

Enterprises: Hongbang Company (founded in 1998) is a Wa owned conglomerate involved in construction, agriculture, gems and minerals, petroleum, electronics and communications, distilleries and department stores. The Hong Pang Group is based in Panghsang with offices also in Yangon, Mandalay, Lashio, Tachilek and Mawlamyine.

Ho Chun Ting, aka Aik Haw aka Hsiao Haw, the son-in-law of Bao You-Xiang, is the principal owner and managing director of Yangon Airways and chairman of Tetkham Co Ltd that runs a chain of hotels.


Statements

Jan 10, 2013 - NDAA, UWSA and SSPP/SSA issued a joint statement for the govt to stop its offensive against the KIO/KIA and start political dialogue

Aug 02, 2012 - SSA-S + UWSA Wa and Shan army commanders say tensions between the two armies have subsided following a “misunderstanding” that caused a face off opposite Chiang Mai’s Fang District in northeast Myanmar.

Jun 16, 2011 - UWSP‘s statement

concerning ongoing clashes between the Myanmar military with the RCSS/SSA, KIA and KNLA.

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