Myanmar Peace Monitor

UNFC

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United Nationalities Federal Council

ညီညြတ္ေသာ တုိင္းရင္းသား လူမ်ိဳးမ်ား ဖက္ဒရယ္ေကာင္စီ

Government name: UNFC

 

 unfc

SUMMARY

Founded: February 16, 2011
Headquarters: Chiang Mai, Thailand

The UNFC is the latest coalition of ethnic armed organizations. It was renamed and reformed from the Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), founded in Nov. 2010. The UNFC wants to represent all of the ethnic armed forces during peace negotiations with the government.

Previous Ethnic Alliances:

  • National Democratic Front (NDF), 1976-ongoing
  • Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), 2001-ongoing

Objective:

The UNFC wants to establish a Federal Union in Myanmar. They have already formed the Federal Union Army (FUA) to protect ethnic areas.

UNFC members (previous members of CEFU)

  1. Kachin Independence Organization (KIO)
  2. New Mon State Party (NMSP)
  3. Shan State Army-North (SSPP /SSA)
  4. Karen National Union (KNU)
  5. Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP)
  6. Chin National Front (CNF)

5 new members:

  1. Lahu Democratic Union (LDU)
  2. Arakan National Council (ANC)
  3. Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization (PNLO)
  4. Ta-ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) also known as Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF)
  5. Wa National Organization (WNO)

(previous 6th new member Kachin National Organization has merged with the KIO)

Organization structure:

Each member organization appoints 2-4 individuals for representation in the UNFC Council. Presently, there are 22 members of the UNFC council, 10 are elected central executive committee members.

Federal Union Army (Formed December, 2011)


Peace Process

Preliminary talks

Working with the Working Group on Ethnic Coordination - part of the MPSI coordination mechanism


Official delegation team

Not yet established


UNFC Technical team

  1. Padoh Mahn Mahn (KNU)
  2. Col. Ji Nawng (KIO)
  3. U Aung San Myint (KNPP)
  4. Khun Myint Tun (PNLO)
  5. Nai Kwe Hong Mon (NMSP)
  6. U Twan Zaw (ANC)
  7. Saw Aw Baw Mu Ku Thay (KNU)

Liaison offices

None


Comprehensive Union Peace & Ceasefire Agreement

CEC members:

2011 2012-13
Chairman Lt. Gen. N’Ban La KIO Lt. Gen. N’Ban La KIO
Vice Chairman - 1 Lt. Gen. Gauri Zau Seng KIO Khun Abel Tweed KNPP
Vice Chairman - 2 Khun Abel Tweed KNPP Padoh David Tharckabaw KNU
General Secretary Nai Hongsa aka Nai Hantha NMSP Nai Hongsa aka Nai Hantha NMSP
Joint Secretary - 1/ spokesman Col. Hkun Okker PNLO Pa Doh Mahn Mahn KNU
Joint Secretary - 2 Shwe Myo Thant KNPP Col. Hkun Okker PNLO
Member Mahn Nyein Maung KNU Dr. Khin Maung NUPA/ANC
Member Dr. Laja KIO Dr. Laja KIO
Member Dr. Suikhar CNF Naw Zipporah Sein KNU
Member Bawmwang Laraw KNO Nai Kwe Hong Mon NMSP

Meetings

 #  Date  Location  Ethnic Armed Organization Rep  Govt Rep  Details
1 23/12/2011 Bangkok, Thailand Khun Okkar Aung Min Informal discussions before Preliminary meeting.
2 09/11/2012 Chiang Mai, Thailand Nai Hong Sar, Khun Okkar, and several other UNFC leaders Aung Min It's an Informal meeting.
Hla Maung Shwe and Nyo Ohn Myint attended the meeting as mediators.
3 20/02/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand Nai Hong Sar Aung Min, MPC delegates They discussed how to arrange the future implementation of government and international development projects in the ethnic regions of the 11 member groups of the UNFC. Also discussed a timeframe for their political dialogue. They said the "frank and friendly" talks aimed to map out a framework and timeframe for political dialogue, and pledged to hold another round of discussions within two months.
4 13/07/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand Nai Hong Sar, Pa Doh Mahn Mahn, Other Leaders MPC Technical Team
  1. It’s a preliminary meeting between the technical teams of UNFC and UPWC for political talks.
  2. They mainly discussed about the peace negotiation roadmap, the mediators and organizations.
  3. UNFC will try the best to solve political problems with political means for long lasting peace in the country.
5 29/07/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand MNDAA, UNA and NBF, UWSA, NDAA, UNFC none Wa, Mongla and Kokang groups attended the ethnic conference organized by the UNFC. They discussed about -
  1. Purpose to get ethnic unity
  2. To get common understanding agreement
  3. Inside and outside cooperation
  4. Establishing Federal union
6 27/08/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand UNFC MPC Government and UNFC technical teams meet in Chiang Mai. They discussed about nationwide ceasefire, political framework and political dialogue.
7 08/09/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand UNFC UPWC-Aung Min/ Khin Yee/ MPC- 13 representatives They discussed about Government's 8 steps roadmap and UNFC's 6 step roadmap as well as political framework. Govt announced nationwide ceasefire agreement will be on the third week of October. Second time discussion between UPWC and UNFC. No agreement
8 07/10/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand All UNFC members UNFC held a meeting in Chiang Mai on 7-9 Oct 2013. They discussed about the political framework for political dialogue with government and nationwide ceasefire issue.
9 22/11/2013 Chiang Mai, Thailand UNFC, RCSS, WGEC Nyo Ohn Myint (MPC) MPC and Nippon Foundation organized this meeting holding in Chiang Mai. Representatives from different political parties attended the meeting. The following representatives attended the meeting.
  1. Khin Mg Swe (NDF)
  2. Than Than Nu (Democratic Party Myanmar)
  3. Myo Nyunt (Democracy and Peace party)
  4. Sai Eike Pao (SNDP)
  5. Zaw Aye Maung (Rakhine Affairs MP in Yangon)
  6. Saw Tun Aung Myint (Karen Affairs MP in Yangon)
  7. Noe Htan Khat (Chin Affairs MP in Sagaing)
  8. U Zoe Zam (CNP)
  9. Sai Nyunt Lwin (SNLD)
  10. Nay Myo Wai (Peace and Diversity Party)
  11. Nan Khin Htwe Myint (NLD)
They exchanged their idea and opinion about establishing federal army and federal union and for trust building in future political dialogue.
10 23/11/2013 Yangon 3 UNFC leaders, Naing Han Sor, Abel Twee, and David Thakabaw UPWC-Aung Min Regarded to the invitation of Union Minister U Aung Min, deputy chairman of UPWC, 5-member delegation of the UNFC, including 3 leaders, is taking a trip from November 23 to 26, 2013 to Rangoon in support of the stages of long lasting peace processes, relating to nationwide ceasefire. UNFC representatives will meet Daw Aung Sann Su kyi and UNA in Yangon.
11 21/04/2014 Chaing Mai UNFC executive members Informal Meeting
United Nationalities Federal Council, has begun a two-day meeting to discuss negotiations between the government and armed ethnic rebel groups on a nationwide ceasefire.The meeting in Chiang Mai, Thailand, began on April 21, said Colonel Khun Okkar, the deputy secretary of the UNFC.Colonel Khun Okkar is also a member of the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordinating Team, which is representing the armed ethnic rebel groups at the ceasefire negotiations with the government’s Union Peace-Working Committee.
12 03/07/2014 Maesot, Thailand UNFC United Nationalities Alliance, 88 generations open society, 1990 eletion elected, and NLD, 88 silver committee Informal Meeting
United Nationalities Federal Council meet the political parties of UNA, 88 groups and other political parties.First point is for democracy agenda, second is for peace process agenda, and third is for the political dialouge.
13 18/08/2014 Yangon UNFC + NLD Informal Meeting
UNFC leaders, Nai Hongsa, Gen. Gun Maw, Col. Khun Okker and Tun Zaw met Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at her home on 18 Aug. They exchanged opinion about peace process, and situation in Hluttaws.
14 26/08/2014 Chiang Mai members - KIO , KNU, KNPP, NMSP, CNF, SSPP, PNLO, PSLF, LDU, ANC, WNO, MNDAA NA UNFC members first Conference held in Chaing Mai for 3 days. The CEC boards explain UNFC implementation in 3 and half years. They will discuss more structural of UNFC, Peace, Unity, and political dialogue.

Developments

The 6 points Ethnic Peace Roadmap: (27/09/2012) - alternative to government’s peace roadmap

  1. The armed ethnic nationality organizations, political parties, women and youths organizations and civil society organizations will hold meetings to lay down points that will included in the Framework for Political Dialogue.
  2. Union government representatives and unified representatives for ethnic armed organizations will hold meetings to establish the Framework for Political Dialogue. a) Holding meetings in a place acceptable for both sides. b) Proceedings of the meetings are to be conducted in the presence of neutral international observers and the points agreed upon are to be promulgated jointly for public knowledge.
  3. After establishing the Framework for Political Dialogue by representatives of the government and the armed ethnic resistance organizations, conferences of the ethnic peoples are to be held in the states or divisions, as necessary, for clarification and approval.
  4. To hold a national conference of the various nationalities participated by representatives of the ethnic armed organizations, political parties, civil society organizations, women and youth organizations.
  5. A Union conference, participated by an equal number of representatives from the ethnic forces, the democratic forces and the government is to be held in the form acceptable to the three forces, and based on Panlong Spirit; the agreements adopted by the conference are to be regarded as the “Union Accord”.
  6. The Union Accord is to be implemented in accordance within a precise time frame.

Demands

UNFC requested to discuss four main issues

  1. To plan a meeting between UNFC and the government in Japan under the moderation of The Nippon Foundation.
  2. Ways to solve the ongoing sectarian violence in Rakhine state.
  3. The implementation of UNFC’s Six Point Ethnic Peace Roadmap.
  4. Ending the fighting between the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) and Myanmar military.

Informal agreement: (9 November 2012)

  1. To resolve political issues by political means.
  2. Hold political dialogue with all ethnic armed organizations as one and not separately.
  3. To discuss the following topics during the formal meeting that is being planned at the newly established Myanmar Peace Center (MPC) in Yangon next month: framework for political dialogue, agenda, timeline, technical assistance and logistics.

Foreign activities

24 Apr 2012 - Tokyo, Japan: Three UNFC Central Executive members, Dr. La Ja, Col. Hkun Okker and Padoh David Tharckabaw traveled to Tokyo to talk with the Japanese government. UNFC leaders discussed the current political situation in Myanmar, the UNFC’s role in resolving the ongoing conflict and about peace talks between the government and ethnic armed forces.

27 Sept 2012 - USA: A UNFC and National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB) joint delegation led by KNU Central Executive member Padoh David Tharckabaw and Joint General Secretary and Spokesperson for the UNFC Col. Hkun Okker travelled to the US. During this time they met with US and UN officials to talk about Myanmar’s ethnic peace process. Other members of the delegation included UNFC Member of Foreign Affairs; Sao Swy Mangrai, UNFC Member of Military Affairs; La Awng and U.S. Representative for the National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB); Moe Chan.

UNFC AND NCUB “Benchmarks for Renewed Engagement with Burma” statement


July 27, 2015 - UNFC released a statement on 8th official meeting between SD and UPWC (Eng) (27 Jul)

July 27, 2015 - UNFC released a statement on 8th official meeting between SD and UPWC (Bur) (27 Jul)

April 07, 2015 - Position Statement on Signing of Approval on Nationwide Ceasefire  Agreement Draft Reached between NCCT and UPWC (Eng)

April 07, 2015 - Position Statement on Signing of Approval on Nationwide Ceasefire  Agreement Draft Reached between NCCT and UPWC (Bur)

Mar 28, 2015 - UNFC released a statement on Current Talks and Raging of  Ferocious Battles on the Ground (Eng)

Mar 28, 2015 - UNFC released a statement on Current Talks and Raging of  Ferocious Battles on the Ground (Bur)

Mar 08, 2015 - UNFC released a statement regarding violent crackdown on democratic education movement (Eng)

Mar 08, 2015 - UNFC released a statement regarding violent crackdown on democratic education movement (Bur)

Feb 21, 2015 - UNFC Statement on the Fighting in Kokang Region (Eng)

Feb 21,2015 - UNFC Statement on the Fighting in Kokang Region (Bur)

Feb 20, 2015 - UNFC released a congratulation letter for Chin National Day

Feb 11, 2015 - UNFC released a statement (1/2015)(Eng)

Feb 11, 2015 - UNFC released a statement (1/2015)(bur)

Jan 30, 2015 - Burma Peace Process Briefing

Jan 29, 2015 - UNFC released a statement on 68th anniversary of Union Day (eng)

Jan 29, 2015 - UNFC released a statement on 68th anniversary of Union Day (bur)

Jan 05, 2015 - UNFC New Year Felicitation Letter (eng)

Jan 05, 2015 - UNFC released a new year wishes letter

Dec 01, 2014 - Federal Union Army released a statement after the first FUA meeting

Nov 20, 2014 - UNFC released a condemn statement on Myanmar army attacks on KIO (eng)

Nov 20, 2014 - UNFC released a condemn statement on Myanmar army attacks on KIO (bur)

Nov 15, 2014 - UNFC press release (02-2014) (bur)

Nov 15, 2014 - UNFC press release (02-2014) (eng)

Oct 22, 2014 - UNFC released a statement after the 1st meeting (eng)

Oct 22, 2014 - UNFC released a statement after the 1st meeting

Oct 15, 2014 - UNFC released a statement on Burma army launched military operations on EAOs (eng)

Oct 15, 2014 - UNFC released a statement on Burma army launched military operations on EAOs

Sep 03, 2014 - UNFC released a statement after the first conference concluded

Sep 01, 2014 - UNFC statement on 1st conference (Burmese version)

Sep 01, 2014 - UNFC statement on 1st conference

Jul 04, 2014 - Joint Statement of UNFC and political forces for the political conference

UNFC complaint on nationwide ceasefire

UNFC opinion on peace road map

Apr 30, 2014 - UNFC sent an open letter to UPWC (Bur)

Apr 30, 2014 - UNFC sent an open letter to UPWC (Eng)

Apr 23, 2014 - UNFC statement condemning Govt Army for launching strategic offensive in Kachin and Shan-North (Bur)

Apr 23, 2014 - UNFC statement condemning Govt Army for launching strategic offensive in Kachin and Shan-North (Eng)

Apr 23, 2014 - UNFC's condolence letter on death of U Win Tin calling him Democracy Martyr

Nov 27, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (7/2013) (Bur)

Nov 27, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (7/2013) (Eng)

Nov 25, 2013 - Joint Statement of UNFC & UNA (Bur)

Nov 25, 2013 - Joint Statement of UNFC & UNA (Eng)

Nov 22, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (6/2013) (Bur)

Nov 22, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (6/2013) (Eng)

Nov 22, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (5/2013) (Bur)

Nov 22, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (5/2013) (Eng)

Nov 12, 2013 - UNFC statement on Laiza summit and Myitkyina meeting (Bur)

Oct 11, 2013 - UNFC statement on Laiza summit and Myitkyina meeting (Eng)

Oct 11, 2013 - UNFC emergency council meeting statement

Sep 10, 2013 - Information Release on 2nd Preliminary Meeting between UNFC and UPWC (Bur)

Sep 10, 2013 - Information Release on 2nd Preliminary Meeting between UNFC and UPWC (Eng)

Sep 08, 2013 - Joint statement between Government and UNFC (Bur)

Sep 08, 2013 - Joint statement between Government and UNFC (Eng)

Aug 02, 2013 - UNFC Press Statement on Ethnic Conference on Peace & National Reconciliation in Burma/ Myanmar (Bur)

Aug 02, 2013 - UNFC Press Statement on Ethnic Conference on Peace & National Reconciliation in Burma/ Myanmar (Eng)

Jul 14, 2013 - UNFC Press Statement of The Technical Team Meeting (5/2013)

Jul 09, 2013 - UNFC Press Release (Burmese)

Jan 21, 2013 - The UNFC and NCUB released statements condemning President U Thein Sein’s government’s war in Kachin state as a step backward in achieving peace and democracy in Myanmar

Jan 20, 2013 - UNFC Public Relation and News Unit press statement

Jan 10, 2013 - UNFC annual meeting statement

Jan 01, 2013 - UNFC statement on Myanmar military offensives in Kachin state

Nov 15, 2012 - UNFC letter to President Obama

Nov 01, 2012 - UNFC and NCUB joint Statement on Peace and National Reconciliation in Myanmar

May 10, 2012 - UNFC appeal to all concerned groups to collectively oppose the Myanmar military’s ongoing offensives and correct the mistakes of the new U Thein Sein government

Apr 19, 2012 - UNFC press release about current political, social issues in Myanmar

Apr 03, 2012 - UNFC statement congratulating NLD leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi

Dec 04, 2011 - UNFC statement regarding peace in Myanmar

Oct 08, 2011 - UNFC statement requesting the international community and Myanmar to facilitate genuine peace negotiations

Aug 28, 2011 - UNFC Letter To Burmese Government

Aug 27, 2011 - UNFC Chairperson letter to member groups

Aug 15, 2011 - UNFC-Letter To President U TheinSein

Aug 05, 2011 - UNFC Reply To DASSK

May 14, 2011 - UNFC Statement On Burma’s Political Situation

Mar 29, 2011 - UNFC urged the Myanmar military to stop their offensive against the Shan State Army- North

Feb 17, 2011 - Ethnics Alliance UNFC Statement

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