Founded: 20 March 1988 Headquarters: Thant lang, Chin State (Camp Victoria) Operational Area: Than tlang Township, Tlangpi village tract, Dawn village tract and Zang Tlang village tract Estimated strength: 200+
The Chin National Front (CNF) was formed on 20 March, 1988, dedicated to securing the selfdetermination of the Chin people, to restore democracy, and to establish a federal Union of Burma. They are based along the Indo-Myanmar border and other locations inside Chin state. At least 70 CNA soldiers were killed during fighting with the Myanmar military between 1988 and 2012. After 2003, fi ghting with government troops stopped. CNF has opposed the 2008 Constitution.
Pu Zing Cung (chairman)
Pu Thang Nang Lian Thang (VCM 1)
Dr Lian H. Sakhong (VCM 2)
Pu Thang Ning Kee (VCM 3)
Salai Thla Hei (General Secretary)
Dr. Sui Khar (AGS 1)
Pu Khua Uk Lian (AGS 2)
Pu Thet Ni (AGS 3)
Pu HC. Ral Hnin ( CEC)
Pu Paul Sitha( CEC)
Col. Solomon ( CEC)
Pu Rokhawma (CEC)
Brig. Hrang Tin Thai
Pu Ngai JaThang
Col. Tan Thun
Pu Hlah Thun
Pu Mang Lai
Col. Biak Ling
Lt. Col. Sanglian Thang
Pu Thang Ling Kee
Lt. Col. HreTling
Salai Peter Lian
Pu Bil Cung
Ram Kulh Cung ( CEC)
Salai Biak Pum ( CEC)
Pu Bawi Cung
Pu Ngun Cung Lian
Salai Pa Hmun
Pi Leng Kee
Lia Cing Zam Vung
Ceasefire & Peace Process:
11th resistance group to sign ceasefire with government
Stage 1: State level ceasefire 6 Jan 2012 Stage 2: Union level ceasefire 7 May 2012 Stage 3: NCA Signed 15 October 2015
Military affairs: CinC: Brig. Gen. Hteik Harin Ting Htaike Deputy C-in-C 1: Col. Than Tun Deputy C-in-C 2: Col. Biak Hleng Foreign Affairs: Pu Paul Sehta
Supreme Council 1.Pu Thang Yen 2.Salai Kip Kho Lian 3.Dr. Za Hlei Thang 4.Pu Lian Uk 5.Bawi Lian Mang ( CEC) 6.Pu Hau Kang 7.Pu Lalramlawma 8.Pu NaingThoung 9.Pu Mang Ling 10.Pu Vung Za Khai 11.Pu Aung Ling Thang
Armed Group Rep
Mae Sai, Thailand
Dr. Sui Khar and Pu Zing Cung
Preliminary discussions, informal ceasefire
Hakha, Chin state
Joint Gen-Sec Dr. Sui Khar, 10-member delegation
State level: 9-point ceasefire agreement was signed. Members of the govt delegation included: Forestry Minister Win Tun, State level peace and stability committee members and Chin state Security and Border Affairs Minister Colonel Zaw Min Oo, Strategic Command Commander Lieutenant Colonel Ko Ko Gyi and 5 state govt cabinet members.
Hakha, Chin state
Union level: 15-point peace agreement signed. These included travel restrictions lifted for CNF members in Myanmar and travel visas allowed for resettled Chin. Other participants included: MPSI Consultant Ashley South, Executive Director of Chin Human Rights Organization Salai Bawi Lian Mang.
Secretary Pu Zing Cung and Sec-Gen Dr. Sui Khar and other leaders
2nd Union level meeting: 28-point agreement signed. An agreement to form an independent commission on human rights abuses in Chin state was decided. Govt participants included: U Tin Maung Than, U Hla Maung Shwe, U Kyaw Soe Hlaing, Dr. Min Zaw Oo, Dr. Kyaw Yin Hlaing, U Thihan Myo Ngunt, U Aung Naing Oo, U Ne Myo Naing, Colonel Chit Ko Ko and U Tin Aung Moe. International observers included: Kristine Gould (PACRIM Research Associates); USA, Mr. Yohei Sasakawa, (chairman of Nippon Foundation), Mr. Yiji Mori (Nippon Foundation), Ms. Suzuka Yoshida (Nippon Foundation); Japan, Charles Petrie ( MPSI), Mai Chin Chin (Shalom Foundation; Yangon, Salai Bawi Lian Mang, (Executive Director of Chin Human Rights Organization); Indo-Myanmar border
Nay Pyi Taw
RCSS + KNU+ CNF (Gen. Mu Tuu Say Phoe, Maj. Tu Tu Lay from KNU, Maj. Sai La and Maj. Sai Mein from RCSS)
“Vice president Sai Mauk Kham – Vice Senior General Soe Win, U Aung Min, U Thein Zaw”
UPWC president Sai Mauk Kham expected to get nation wide ceasefire in October. (1) commitment of ceasefire (2) framework from both sides negotiation for political dialouge (3) all inclusiveness in Conference (4) midterm working process negotiations is proposed by KNU- RCSS. It’s an informal meeting.
Min Tat, Chin State
Chin State Govt
Ceasefire: 06/01/2012 Liaison Offices: Thanglang, Tedim and Matupi towns
Rights and Responsibilities for Liaison Offices Both parties agreed that if the liaison officer is a central committee member of the CNF they will receive treatment that is consistent with the diplomatic protocols reflecting their position. The Chin state government shall provide necessary measures to ensure the physical security of the liaison officer. The parties accept to observe the rules defined in the ceasefire within the territorial areas that have been designated, and in accordance with the existing laws of the Chin state government
Both parties agreed in principle to points that were signed during the Panglong Agreement (February 12, 1947) by Bamar leader General Aung San and other ethnic groups in Panglong, Shan state.
Discussions regarding the military code of conduct for the Myanmar army and other ethnic armed groups were also discussed.
The formation of “Ceasefire Monitoring Body” consisting primarily of the Chin Peace and Tranquility Committee but also with active participation from other legal experts.
The formation of a crisis mediating body that will arbitrate any physical violence resulting from accidental nature between the CNF and Myanmar army. It is agreed that such a mediating body shall be formed under the leadership of the Chin state Security and Border Affairs minister and will also involve both the CNF liaison officer and CNA leaders responsible for the areas where such incident occurs. This can also include the in- charge/commander of the CNF/CNA, commander of the Myanmar army, police force, chairman of the Chin Peace Monitoring Body or any such duly authorized individual.
CNF/CNA will be temporarily based out around 5 village tracts in 2 townships. These include: Tlangpi, Dawn and Zang Tlang village tracts in Thantlang Township, and Zampi and Bukphir village tracts in Tedim Township.
Other possible bases will include: Kung Pin, Ra O, Shweletwa, and Ra Kan village tracts in Paletwa Township; Para and Pathiantlang, Belhar, Vanzang, Lungding, Lulpilung in village tracts in Tedim Township; Dampi, Tui Dial village tracts in Thantlang Township. CNF opened Camp Victoria in Thantlang Township (January, 2013). The military camp will serve as their new headquarters.
agreed to allow the presence of only the Myanmar army and the CNF within Chin state
CNF must obtain permission from the government before conducting military exercises
A CNA refresher training course covering public relations was held on the Indo-Myanmar border on October 24, 2012.
Khonumthung Company (2012)
with the financial support from the Union government the CNF will play a leading role in developing the state in accordance with laws governing the new Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
both parties will cooperate on development projects
permission for INGOs and social economic organisations (both inside and outside the country) to support development initiatives that will improve the quality of life for Chin state residents
CNF will establish committees or organizations to carry out new development initiatives in cooperation with domestic/international social economic organisations and INGOs
the Union government will construct at least 2 airports.
The govt is building a domestic airport in Surbung mountain in Falam Township, Chin state. The site was surveyed by a CNF delegation, administrator of Falam Township and residents on December 19, 2012.
the construction of a national highway that will connect northern Tonzang Township to southern Paletwa Township
restrictions lifted for international tourists to travel in the state
development of information technology and computer skills
basic services such as water, electricity, food, security, health and education to be made available to everyone
CNF allowed to seek independent funding for implementing development projects in the state
the establishment of a community radio broadcast program for promoting Chin media and culture in each of the various dialects
the Chin language will be taught in primary education schools
open schools to promote Chin culture and music
no discrimination on the basis ethnicity, religion and gender for civil service positions
official registration allowed for community-based organizations and Chin media e.g newspapers, journals, magazines, newsletters, radio, internet and television programs
both parties will cooperate in the development of out of state guest houses for travelling Chins (Naypyidaw, Yangon, Mandalay, Pakhuku, Kalay, Sittwe, Seih Town).
CNF granted permission to hold public consultations regarding the peace process (20/11/ 2012: preliminary meeting for an upcoming CNF’s public consultation took place in Matupi, Chin state)
consideration made towards the international agreements that have been acceded to by the Union government, including other international human rights moral obligations
official recognition of Chin National Day (February 20) and Chin State Day on (February 3)
under existing laws the CNF/CNA are still considered unlawful organizations by the Union government, both parties have agreed this will be amended at a later date once full confidence has been firmly established
both parties agreed that the Union-level Peace Working Committee (UPWC) team will submit a list of any individual(s) who have been arrested and imprisoned on account of CNF/ CNA activities to the president’s office for immediate amnesty (effective after the signing of this agreement)
UPWC will remove the names of all individuals who have been blacklisted for being affiliated or members of CNF/CNA (effective after the signing of this agreement)
CNF/CNA members immune from criminal prosecution for being part of the organisation (effective after the signing of this agreement)
cooperation to uphold human rights, punish violators in accordance with the 2008 Constitution
the formation of an independent Chin human rights committee
both parties agreed to cooperate in the eradication of poppy cultivation and other illegal drug businesses, this includes smuggling operations in northern Chin state
drug production is increasing despite the agreement
environmental impact assessments shall be conducted on all in state development projects by an independent committee of experts
both parties agreed that the extraction of natural resources in Chin State will adhere to the points stipulated in the ceasefire agreement
all Chin nationals who have resettled abroad will be allowed to return and assistance will be provided for issuing visas
the state immigration department will issue national identity cards for CNF/CNA members after a membership list is submitted
Dec 16, 2011: CNF member Dr. Salai Andrew Ngun Cung Lian welcomed comments by former Union-level Peace Building Committee Chairman Aung Thaung “We are determined to work for peace during the tenure of this government but people need to be patient because many issues may be hard to resolve.”